Guinea Pig Food Chart

What Can Guinea Pigs Eat?

Guinea pigs can eat a variety of vegetables and fruit but remember that hay and pellets should form the major part of their diet. Fruit should be a very occasional treat.

Our guinea pig fruit and veg list tells you which foods are safe for your cavies to eat including nutritional values and how regularly they can be fed any particular food. 

You might also be interested in checking out our page on what guinea pigs can't eat (poisonous / unsafe foods)...

Downloadable Fruit & Veg Chart

printable guinea pig safe fruit and vegetable chart

Click here to buy your Guinea Pig Safe Fruit & Veg Chart Feeding Plan today!

List of Safe Fruit & Vegetables

Apples

Apple
Vitamin C: 5mg per 100g
Calcium: 6.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 11mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.55 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Small piece (no core or pips) Can cause mouth sores...

more info

Apricot

Apricots
Vitamin C: 10mg per 100g
Calcium: 13.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 23mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.57 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

In small quantities

more info

Asparagus

Asparagus
Vitamin C: 6mg per 100g
Calcium: 24.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 52mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.46 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

May cause gas or bloating

more info

Baby Corn

Baby Corn - also known as cornlets
Regularity: couple of times a week

Baby corn is good for guinea pigs but not too much or too often. A couple of times a week in addition to their main diet of greens is fine.

more info

Bananas

Bananas with Skin and a Peeled Banana
Vitamin C: 9mg per 100g
Calcium: 5.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 22mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.23 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Feed just a small slice (with skin on but thoroughly washed) very occasionally as the sugar content is high.

more info

Basil

Basil (herb)
Vitamin C: 18mg per 100g
Calcium: 177.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 56mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.16 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

Beet Greens

Beetroot with greens
Vitamin C: 30mg per 100g
Calcium: 117.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 41mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.85 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

more info

Beetroot

Beetroot
Vitamin C: 4mg per 100g
Calcium: 16.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 38mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.42 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

Blueberries

Blueberries
Vitamin C: 10mg per 100g
Calcium: 6.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 12mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.50 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quanities as they are high in sugar.

more info

Broccoli

Broccoli with leaves and stalks
Vitamin C: 89mg per 100g
Calcium: 47.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 66mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.71 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Includes Purple Sprouting Broccoli. Can cause gas and bloating.

more info

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts
Vitamin C: 85mg per 100g
Calcium: 42.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 69mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.61 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Can cause gas/bloating

more info

Butternut Squash

Butternut Squash
Vitamin C: 21mg per 100g
Calcium: 48.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 33mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.45 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

Cabbage (Green)

Green Cabbage
Vitamin C: 37mg per 100g
Calcium: 40.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 26mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.54 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Green cabbage is a good basic veg but be careful as it can cause gas/bloating

more info

Cabbage (Red)

Red Cabbage
Vitamin C: 57mg per 100g
Calcium: 45.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 30mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.50 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas/bloating

more info

Cabbage (Savoy)

Savoy Cabbage
Vitamin C: 31mg per 100g
Calcium: 35.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 42mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.83 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas/bloating

more info

Carrots

Carrots
Vitamin C: 6mg per 100g
Calcium: 33.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 35mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.94 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

more info

Cauliflower Leaves

Cauliflower with leaves
Regularity: a few times a week

Don't feed your guinea pigs the cauliflower flower as there is little nutrition in it - just the leaves and stalks.

more info

Celery (Stalks and Leaves)

Celery with leaves
Vitamin C: 3mg per 100g
Calcium: 40.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 24mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.67 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

3-4 times a week in very small quanities including leaves & stalks, chopped small

more info

Cherries (sour)

Sour Cherries
Vitamin C: 10mg per 100g
Calcium: 16.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 15mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.07 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

In small quantities. Remove the stones before giving to your guinea pigs.

more info

Cherries (sweet)

Sweet Cherries
Vitamin C: 7mg per 100g
Calcium: 13.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 21mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.62 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Only in small quantities. Remove the stones before giving to your guinea pigs.

more info

Collards (Greens)

Collards (Greens)
Vitamin C: 18mg per 100g
Calcium: 141.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 32mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 4.41 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

Small quantities as they are high in oxalic acid

more info

Coriander (Cilantro)

Coriander (Cilantro)
Vitamin C: 27mg per 100g
Calcium: 67.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 48mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.40 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Feed in small quantities

more info

Courgette (Zucchini)

Courgette (Zucchini)
Vitamin C: 18mg per 100g
Calcium: 16.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 38mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.42 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

more info

Cranberries

Cranberries
Vitamin C: 13mg per 100g
Calcium: 8.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 13mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.62 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Feed in very small quantities

more info

Cress

Cress
Vitamin C: 69mg per 100g
Calcium: 81.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 76mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.07 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

more info

Cucumber

Cucumber
Vitamin C: 3mg per 100g
Calcium: 16.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 24mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.67 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Cucumber is 95% water and refreshing in hot weather for guinea pigs but don't feed in large amounts.

more info

Dandelions (Leaves/Greens and Flowers)

Dandelions: Leaves and Flowers
Vitamin C: 35mg per 100g
Calcium: 187.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 66mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.83 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

This is a good basic vegetable for guinea pigs and the leaves/greens and flowers can be eaten. If you forage for dandelions, be careful they haven't been sprayed with chemicals and always wash well.

more info

Dill

Dill
Vitamin C: 85mg per 100g
Calcium: 208.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 66mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.15 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

Fennel

Fennel bulbs
Vitamin C: 11mg per 100g
Calcium: 48.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 50mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.96 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

more info

Grapes

Bunch of Green and Red (Black) Grapes
Vitamin C: 3mg per 100g
Calcium: 10.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 20mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.50 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Grapes are very high in sugar so feed only in very small quantities very occasionally as a treat.

more info

Green Beans

Green Beans
Vitamin C: 12mg per 100g
Calcium: 37.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 38mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.97 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

more info

Kale

Curly Kale
Vitamin C: 120mg per 100g
Calcium: 150.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 92mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.63 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Don't feed in large quantities as it's high in oxalic acid.

more info

Kiwi Fruit

Kiwi Fruit
Vitamin C: 93mg per 100g
Calcium: 34.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 34mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.00 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Always remove the skin and only feed in tiny amounts as fruits are high in sugar.

more info

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi
Vitamin C: 62mg per 100g
Calcium: 24.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 46mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.52 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Feed in small amounts.

more info

Lettuce (Butterhead / Boston / Bibb)

Lettuce (butterhead / boston / bibb)
Vitamin C: 4mg per 100g
Calcium: 33.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 30mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.10 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Not too much as lettuce has little nutritional value and contains laudanum (a sedative). Green leafy types are the best. Don't feed Iceberg lettuce.

more info

Lettuce (Red Leaf)

Red Leaf Lettuce
Vitamin C: 4mg per 100g
Calcium: 33.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 28mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.18 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Not too much due to low nutritional value and sedative effect.

more info

Lettuce (Romaine/Cos/Little Gem)

Romaine or Cos Lettuce
Vitamin C: 24mg per 100g
Calcium: 33.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 30mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.10 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Romaine/Cos and Little Gems lettuces can form a good part of your guinea pigs regular diet but mix other leaves and veg in for variety and complete nutrition.

more info

Mango

Mango
Vitamin C: 36mg per 100g
Calcium: 11.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 14mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.79 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Melon (Cantaloupe)

Cantaloupe Melon
Vitamin C: 37mg per 100g
Calcium: 9.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 15mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.60 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Small quantities only

more info

Melon (Honeydew)

Honeydew Melon
Vitamin C: 18mg per 100g
Calcium: 6.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 11mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.55 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Only feed in small quantities

more info

Melon (Watermelon)

Watermelon
Vitamin C: 8mg per 100g
Calcium: 7.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 11mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.64 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Small quantities only

more info

Mint (Peppermint)

Mint (Peppermint)
Vitamin C: 32mg per 100g
Calcium: 243.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 73mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.33 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

Nectarine

Nectarines
Vitamin C: 5mg per 100g
Calcium: 6.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 26mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.23 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Pak Choi (Bok Choy)

Pak Choi / Bok Choy
Vitamin C: 45mg per 100g
Calcium: 105.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 37mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.84 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

more info

Papaya (PawPaw)

Papaya (pawpaw)
Vitamin C: 62mg per 100g
Calcium: 20.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 10mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.00 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Parsley

Parsley
Vitamin C: 133mg per 100g
Calcium: 138.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 58mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.38 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

As it's high in oxalates, don't feed too much at a time.

more info

Passionfruit

Passionfruit
Vitamin C: 30mg per 100g
Calcium: 12.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 68mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.18 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Peach

Peaches
Vitamin C: 7mg per 100g
Calcium: 6.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 20mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.30 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Pear

Pears
Vitamin C: 4mg per 100g
Calcium: 9.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 12mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.75 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Peas

Fresh Peas
Vitamin C: 40mg per 100g
Calcium: 25.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 108mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.23 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

more info

Peppers (Sweet Green)

Green Peppers
Vitamin C: 80mg per 100g
Calcium: 10.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 20mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.50 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas or bloating

more info

Peppers (Sweet Red)

Sweet Red Peppers
Vitamin C: 128mg per 100g
Calcium: 7.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 26mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.27 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas or bloating

more info

Peppers (Sweet Yellow)

Yellow Peppers
Vitamin C: 184mg per 100g
Calcium: 11.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 24mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.46 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Can cause gas or bloating

more info

Pineapple

Fresh Pineapple
Vitamin C: 48mg per 100g
Calcium: 13.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 8mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.63 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Only in very small quantities as the acidity in this fruit can cause sores in the mouth.

more info

Plum

Plums
Vitamin C: 10mg per 100g
Calcium: 6.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 16mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.38 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Pumpkin

Pumpkins
Vitamin C: 9mg per 100g
Calcium: 21.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 44mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.48 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

more info

Radishes

Radishes
Vitamin C: 15mg per 100g
Calcium: 25.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 20mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.25 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Radishes and their leaves can be eaten but sparingly and occasionally.

more info

Raspberries

Raspberries
Vitamin C: 26mg per 100g
Calcium: 25.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 29mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.86 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

more info

Rocket Salad (Arugula)

Rocket Salad Leaves (Arugula)
Vitamin C: 15mg per 100g
Calcium: 160.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 52mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.08 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

You can feed rocket leaves a few times a week but in small quantities mixed with other leaves and vegetables.

more info

Spinach

Spinach Leaves
Vitamin C: 28mg per 100g
Calcium: 99.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 49mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.02 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Spinach is high in oxalates and calcium so feed in small quantities and remove the stalks and serve just the leaves. Can also cause gas or bloating

more info

Strawberries (including tops and leaves)

Strawberries
Vitamin C: 59mg per 100g
Calcium: 16.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 24mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.67 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities only to avoid upset tummies and excess weight gain. Feed the strawberry tops/leaves too. Pesticides mean you must wash them thoroughly first.

more info

Sweet Potato

Sweet Potato
Vitamin C: 2mg per 100g
Calcium: 30.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 47mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.64 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

more info

Sweetcorn (Corn on the Cob)

Corn on the Cob (Sweetcorn)
Vitamin C: 7mg per 100g
Calcium: 2.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 89mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.02 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

Guinea pigs adore sweetcorn! It's good for their teeth and has lots of nutrition. Give them the whole raw cob including leaves as they will eat the leaves and the kernels but feed in moderation.

more info

Swiss Chard

Swiss Chard
Vitamin C: 30mg per 100g
Calcium: 51.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 46mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.11 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

High in oxalic acid so don't give too much at any time. Excessive quantities can cause diarrhea.

more info

Thyme

Thyme (herb)
Vitamin C: 160mg per 100g
Calcium: 405.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 106mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.82 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

Tomatoes

Ripe Red Tomatoes
Vitamin C: 14mg per 100g
Calcium: 10.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 24mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.42 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Give just one cherry tomato or a similar sized piece of a larger tomato at any one mealtime. Please note the leaves and stems are poisonous to guinea pigs so remove all green parts before feeding!

more info

Turnip Greens

Turnip
Vitamin C: 60mg per 100g
Calcium: 4.50mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 42mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.11 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

Watercress

Watercress
Vitamin C: 43mg per 100g
Calcium: 120.00mg per 100g
Phosphorous: 60mg per 100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.00 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

more info

There may be food that is suitable but isn't on this list however never feed your guinea pig any plant unless you know it's safe for them. Click here to check out the downloadable safe food chart...

Nutrition

There is a lot of varying information around the ideal calcium to phosphorous ratio but between 1.5:1 and 2:1 (calcium:phosphorous) is believed to be the best level. If you notice white deposits in the cage where they have urinated, this is an indication their diet is too high in calcium.  In this case you will need to look at feeding them a low calcium diet to prevent them getting bladder stones which can be very painful for them.

Foods high in oxalic acid should not be given in large quantities but they do need plenty of vitamin C in their diet. Find out more about the different types of food that guinea pigs need.

Feeding Tips and Advice

Here are some points to remember when feeding vegetables and fruit to your guinea pigs:

  • Although vegetables should be fed daily, don't give them too much as it could result in diarrhoea and obesity
  • Fruit must only be given in very small quantities and very occasionally
  • Always wash fruit and vegetables thoroughly before serving to get rid of any nasties like pesticides
  • Guinea pigs love lettuce but Iceberg is not suitable as it has very little nutritional content and can result in loose stools
  • They can be fussy pets but they can get a taste for something if you persist in small amounts
  • There are certain foods that are poisonous for guinea pigs. Click here to view the dangerous foods

Useful Pages Relating to Your Guinea Pig's Daily Diet