Guinea Piggles

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Guinea Pig Food Chart

Below is a guinea pig fruit and veg list which shows foods that are safe for your cavies to eat, the important nutritional values and how regularly they can be fed any particular food.

Remember that hay is the most important food in their diet (click here to view on Amazon the hay our guinea pigs love to eat).

They also need special guinea pig pellets (click here to view on Amazon the pellets we feed to our piggies).

There is a lot of varying information around the ideal calcium to phosphorous ratio but between 1.5:1 and 2:1 (calcium:phosphorous) is believed to be the best level.

Foods high in oxalic acid should not be given in large quantities but they do need plenty of vitamin C in their diet. Find out more about the different types of food that guinea pigs need.

 

Here are some points to remember when feeding vegetables and fruit to your guinea pigs:

  • Although vegetables should be fed daily, don't give them too much as it could result in diarrhoea and obesity
  • Fruit must only be given in very small quantities and very occasionally
  • Always wash fruit and vegetables thoroughly before serving to get rid of any nasties like pesticides
  • Guinea pigs love lettuce but Iceberg is not suitable as it has very little nutritional content and can result in loose stools
  • They can be fussy pets but they can get a taste for something if you persist in small amounts
  • There are certain foods that are poisonous for guinea pigs. Click here to view the dangerous foods

Check out the list of vegetables and fruit below for what is safe and best for your cavies.

List of Safe Fruit & Vegetables

Apple

Apple
Vitamin C: 5mg/100g
Calcium: 6.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 11mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.55 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Only a quarter to each pig as acidity can cause mouth sores. Some guinea pigs are particularly prone to it because their lip membranes are weaker. If your guinea pig has a tendency towards mouth sores, you should not feed them apple as mouth sores can lead to more serious illnesses. You must remove the core as apple seeds are poisonous.

Apricot

Apricots
Vitamin C: 10mg/100g
Calcium: 13.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 23mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.57 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

In small quantities

Asparagus

Asparagus
Vitamin C: 6mg/100g
Calcium: 24.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 52mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.46 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

May cause gas or bloating

Banana

Bananas
Vitamin C: 9mg/100g
Calcium: 5.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 22mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.23 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Feed in small quantities as they are high in sugar and can cause constipation or tummy upsets

Basil

Basil (herb)
Vitamin C: 18mg/100g
Calcium: 177.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 56mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.16 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

Beet Greens

Beetroot with greens
Vitamin C: 30mg/100g
Calcium: 117.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 41mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.85 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Beetroot

Beetroot
Vitamin C: 4mg/100g
Calcium: 16.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 38mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.42 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Blueberries

Blueberries
Vitamin C: 10mg/100g
Calcium: 6.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 12mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.50 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quanities as they are high in sugar.

Broccoli

Broccoli with leaves
Vitamin C: 89mg/100g
Calcium: 47.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 66mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.71 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

This includes Purple Sprouting Broccoli. You can feed the flowers, leaves and stalks of broccoli to your guinea pig. Just be careful about quantities because too much can cause gas and bloating.

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts
Vitamin C: 85mg/100g
Calcium: 42.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 69mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.61 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Can cause gas/bloating

Butternut Squash

Butternut Squash
Vitamin C: 21mg/100g
Calcium: 48.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 33mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.45 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

Cabbage (Green)

Green Cabbage
Vitamin C: 37mg/100g
Calcium: 40.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 26mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.54 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Green cabbage is a good basic veg but be careful as it can cause gas/bloating

Cabbage (Red)

Red Cabbage
Vitamin C: 57mg/100g
Calcium: 45.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 30mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.50 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas/bloating

Cabbage (Savoy)

Savoy Cabbage
Vitamin C: 31mg/100g
Calcium: 35.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 42mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.83 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas/bloating

Carrots

Carrots
Vitamin C: 6mg/100g
Calcium: 33.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 35mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.94 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

Cauliflower Leaves

Cauliflower with leaves
Regularity: a few times a week

Don't feed your guinea pigs the cauliflower flower as there is little nutrition in it - just the leaves and stalks.

Celery

Celery with leaves
Vitamin C: 3mg/100g
Calcium: 40.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 24mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.67 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

Cut the stalks up into smallish pieces so they don't choke on the stringy bits. Don't throw away the leaves as they love these too!

Cherries (sour)

Sour Cherries
Vitamin C: 10mg/100g
Calcium: 16.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 15mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.07 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

In small quantities. Remove the stones before giving to your guinea pigs.

Cherries (sweet)

Sweet Cherries
Vitamin C: 7mg/100g
Calcium: 13.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 21mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.62 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Only in small quantities. Remove the stones before giving to your guinea pigs.

Collards (Greens)

Collards (Greens)
Vitamin C: 18mg/100g
Calcium: 141.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 32mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 4.41 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

Small quantities as they are high in oxalic acid

Coriander (Cilantro)

Coriander (Cilantro)
Vitamin C: 27mg/100g
Calcium: 67.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 48mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.40 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Feed in small quantities

Corn on the Cob (Sweetcorn)

Corn on the Cob (Sweetcorn)
Vitamin C: 7mg/100g
Calcium: 2.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 89mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.02 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

Guinea pigs adore sweetcorn! It's good for their teeth and has lots of nutrition. You can give them the whole cob including leaves as they will eat the leaves and the kernels.

Courgette (Zucchini)

Courgette (Zucchini)
Vitamin C: 18mg/100g
Calcium: 16.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 38mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.42 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Cranberries

Cranberries
Vitamin C: 13mg/100g
Calcium: 8.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 13mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.62 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Feed in very small quantities

Cress

Cress
Vitamin C: 69mg/100g
Calcium: 81.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 76mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.07 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Cucumber

Cucumber
Vitamin C: 3mg/100g
Calcium: 16.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 24mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.67 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Dandelion Leaves

Dandelion Leaves
Vitamin C: 35mg/100g
Calcium: 187.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 66mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.83 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

This is a good basic vegetable for guinea pigs. If you collect these in the wild, be careful they haven't been sprayed with chemicals. Always wash well.

Dill

Dill
Vitamin C: 85mg/100g
Calcium: 208.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 66mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.15 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

Fennel

Fennel bulbs
Vitamin C: 11mg/100g
Calcium: 48.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 50mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.96 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Grapes

Grapes
Vitamin C: 3mg/100g
Calcium: 10.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 20mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.50 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Feed grapes in very small quantities very occasionally.

Green Beans

Green Beans
Vitamin C: 12mg/100g
Calcium: 37.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 38mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.97 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Kale

Curly Kale
Vitamin C: 120mg/100g
Calcium: 150.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 92mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.63 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Don't feed in large quantities as it's high in oxalic acid.

Kiwi Fruit (peeled)

Kiwi Fruit
Vitamin C: 93mg/100g
Calcium: 34.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 34mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.00 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Always remove the skin and only feed in small amounts.

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi
Vitamin C: 62mg/100g
Calcium: 24.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 46mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.52 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Feed in small amounts.

Lettuce (Butterhead / Boston / Bibb)

Lettuce (butterhead / boston / bibb)
Vitamin C: 4mg/100g
Calcium: 33.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 30mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.10 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Not too much as lettuce has little nutritional value and contains laudanum (a sedative). Green leafy types are the best. Don't feed Iceberg lettuce.

Lettuce (Red Leaf)

Red Leaf Lettuce
Vitamin C: 4mg/100g
Calcium: 33.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 28mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.18 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Not too much due to low nutritional value and sedative effect.

Lettuce (Romaine)

Romaine Lettuce
Vitamin C: 24mg/100g
Calcium: 33.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 30mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.10 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Not too much as lettuce contains a natural sedative.

Mango

Mango
Vitamin C: 36mg/100g
Calcium: 11.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 14mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.79 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Melon (Cantaloupe)

Cantaloupe Melon
Vitamin C: 37mg/100g
Calcium: 9.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 15mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.60 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Small quantities only

Melon (Honeydew)

Honeydew Melon
Vitamin C: 18mg/100g
Calcium: 6.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 11mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.55 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Only feed in small quantities

Melon (Watermelon)

Watermelon
Vitamin C: 8mg/100g
Calcium: 7.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 11mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.64 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Small quantities only

Mint (Peppermint)

Mint (Peppermint)
Vitamin C: 32mg/100g
Calcium: 243.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 73mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.33 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

Nectarine

Nectarines
Vitamin C: 5mg/100g
Calcium: 6.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 26mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.23 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Pak Choi (Bok Choy)

Pak Choi / Bok Choy
Vitamin C: 45mg/100g
Calcium: 105.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 37mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.84 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Papaya (PawPaw)

Papaya (pawpaw)
Vitamin C: 62mg/100g
Calcium: 20.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 10mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.00 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Parsley

Parsley
Vitamin C: 133mg/100g
Calcium: 138.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 58mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.38 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

As it's high in oxalates, don't feed too much at a time.

Passionfruit

Passionfruit
Vitamin C: 30mg/100g
Calcium: 12.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 68mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.18 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Peach

Peaches
Vitamin C: 7mg/100g
Calcium: 6.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 20mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.30 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Pear

Pears
Vitamin C: 4mg/100g
Calcium: 9.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 12mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.75 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Peas

Fresh Peas
Vitamin C: 40mg/100g
Calcium: 25.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 108mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.23 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Peppers (Sweet Green)

Green Peppers
Vitamin C: 80mg/100g
Calcium: 10.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 20mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.50 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas or bloating

Peppers (Sweet Red)

Sweet Red Peppers
Vitamin C: 128mg/100g
Calcium: 7.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 26mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.27 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

May cause gas or bloating

Peppers (Sweet Yellow)

Yellow Peppers
Vitamin C: 184mg/100g
Calcium: 11.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 24mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.46 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Can cause gas or bloating

Pineapple

Fresh Pineapple
Vitamin C: 48mg/100g
Calcium: 13.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 8mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.63 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Only in very small quantities as the acidity in this fruit can cause sores in the mouth.

Plum

Plums
Vitamin C: 10mg/100g
Calcium: 6.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 16mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.38 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Pumpkin

Pumpkins
Vitamin C: 9mg/100g
Calcium: 21.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 44mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.48 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Radish

Radishes
Vitamin C: 15mg/100g
Calcium: 25.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 20mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.25 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Raspberries

Raspberries
Vitamin C: 26mg/100g
Calcium: 25.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 29mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.86 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities

Rocket Salad (Arugula)

Rocket Salad (Arugula)
Vitamin C: 15mg/100g
Calcium: 160.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 52mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.08 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Spinach

Spinach
Vitamin C: 28mg/100g
Calcium: 99.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 49mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.02 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: couple of times a week

Spinach is high in oxalates so feed in small quantities. Can also cause gas or bloating

Strawberries

Strawberries
Vitamin C: 59mg/100g
Calcium: 16.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 24mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.67 : 1
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Very small quantities only

Sweet Potato

Sweet Potato
Vitamin C: 2mg/100g
Calcium: 30.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 47mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.64 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: feed very occasionally

Swiss Chard

Swiss Chard
Vitamin C: 30mg/100g
Calcium: 51.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 46mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 1.11 : 1
Oxalic Acid: High in Oxalic Acid
Regularity: a few times a week

High in oxalic acid so don't give too much at any time. Excessive quantities can cause diarrhea.

Thyme

Thyme (herb)
Vitamin C: 160mg/100g
Calcium: 405.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 106mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 3.82 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

Tomato

Ripe Red Tomatoes
Vitamin C: 14mg/100g
Calcium: 10.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 24mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.42 : 1
Regularity: a few times a week

Fruit only in small quantities. Please note the leaves and stems are poisonous to guinea pigs!

Turnip Greens

Turnip
Vitamin C: 60mg/100g
Calcium: 4.50mg/100g
Phosphorous: 42mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 0.11 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

Watercress

Watercress
Vitamin C: 43mg/100g
Calcium: 120.00mg/100g
Phosphorous: 60mg/100g
Calcium/Phosphorous Ratio 2.00 : 1
Regularity: couple of times a week

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